thyssenkrupp AG (formerly ThyssenKrupp AG) is a German multinational conglomerate which produce steels and industrial engineering related products and technologies. It also produce elevators, escalators and moving walkways under its Elevator Technology division, and it is currently the third largest elevator manufacturer in the world behind Schindler and Otis. The company is the result of a combination of two German companies; Thyssen AG and Krupp AG which merged together in 1999.
ThyssenKrupp was established in 2001 after the merger between Thyssen AG and Krupp AG in 1999. In 2003, ThyssenKrupp bought the Korean-based Dong Yang and the company was known as ThyssenKrupp Dongyang in South Korea for a few years before it changed name to ThyssenKrupp Elevator Korea in 2008.
In November 19, 2015, ThyssenKrupp announced its new simplified logo dubbed as "#brandblue" and all letters in the brand name are no longer capitalized (it is now shown as "thyssenkrupp"), with the exception of ThyssenKrupp Access Solutions.
In March 2016, thyssenkrupp Hissit Oy, the Finnish subsidiary of thyssenkrupp elevator, was acquired by Kone. A year later, ThyssenKrupp Access Solutions, a division which manufactures home and accessibility elevators was renamed to thyssenkrupp Home Solutions.
In September 2018, thyssenkrupp announced that it would separate itself into two independent, listed companies; thyssenkrupp Industrials AG and thyssenkrupp Materials AG. The elevator business will continue to operate under thyssenkrupp Industrials AG, along with the group's components technology and industrial solutions businesses.
However in February 27, 2020, thyssenkrupp sold its elevator business to a private equity led by Advent, Cinven and RAG foundation.
thyssenkrupp history in the United States
In the United States, ThyssenKrupp (then known as simply Thyssen) made a bold entrance into the elevator market by buying out Dover Corp.'s elevator division. The buyout was completed in 1999, and the name in the US was changed to ThyssenDover. ThyssenDover installed elevators and escalators under the Dover brand (and very rarely under the ThyssenDover name) between 1999 and 2001. In 2001, Thyssen AG offically changed its name and ThyssenDover Elevator became ThyssenKrupp Elevator Americas.
- Synergy: ThyssenKrupp's first MRL elevator system since 2001. It was also introduced in late 2007 in the United States as a successor to the ThyssenKrupp ISIS.
- synergy BLUE: Only sold in Europe.
- synergy BLUE Residential: Low cost option from regular synergy BLUE for residential buildings, only sold in Europe.
- synergy Element: For residential buildings, only sold in Europe.
- synergy Essence: For commercial buildings, only sold in Europe.
- synergy Excellence: For commercial buildings, only sold in Europe.
- synergy500 MR-G: Only sold in India.
- synergy1000: Only sold in India.
- synergy 2.0: Only sold in South Korea.
- Evolution: Machine room less elevators for Australia, Europe, South Korea and most parts of Asia.
- Endura: ThyssenKrupp's official successor to the Oildraulic system for the U.S. market. The system is based off of the Oildraulic system but uses bio-degradable oil.
- Momentum: High-rise elevator system for the U.S. market.
- MOD Solutions: Elevator modernization solutions for North America.
- H Power (formerly HYPower): Hydraulic elevator modernization.
- G2 Power: Geared to gearless traction elevator modernization.
- G Power (formerly Numbers): Geared elevator modernization.
- GL Power: Gearless elevator modernization.
- AT Power: Modernization to destination dispatch.
- TE-GL and TE-GL1: Passenger elevator manufactured by ThyssenKrupp China.
- TE-Hospital: An elevator designed for hospitals and medical centers, manufactured by ThyssenKrupp China.
- High Performance: A high-rise elevator system manufactured by ThyssenKrupp China.
- Elejet: A high-rise elevator system manufactured by ThyssenKrupp Korea.
- Eflex: An elevator system only sold in Spain.
- latitude: Machine room less elevator manufactured by ThyssenKrupp Spain, and only sold in Spain.
- SIMPLYCITY: An MR elevator for residential buildings, only sold in Russia and CIS countries. Introduced in 2014.
- sonic: High-rise elevator system for the European market.
- coupl: High-rise elevator system for the European market.
- expansion: Freight elevators for Europe.
- TWIN: An elevator comprising of two elevator cabins installed in a single shaft.
- Destination Selection Control: A destination dispatching elevator product, similar to Schindler Miconic 10. In the United States, it is known as ThyssenKrupp Destination Dispatch.
- MULTI: The world's first rope-free elevator system where multiple elevator cabins are equipped with linear motors, which allows several cabins in the same shaft moving vertically and horizontally which permit buildings to adopt different heights, shapes, and purposes. It was introduced in 2014.
Escalators and moving walks
- Velino: Escalator for commercial applications, originally introduced by Thyssen.
- Tugela: Escalator for heavy-duty and high-rise applications.
- Victoria: Heavy-duty escalators for public transit facilities.
- Orinoco: Standard moving walkways
- iWalk: Pitless moving walkways
- ACCEL: A moving walkway which alleviates traffic congestion by improving access to metro stations and attracting up to 30% additional passengers.
- I.MOD: Escalator modernization solution.
- ES Power: Escalator modernization solution for North America which is part of MOD Solutions.
- Univers: Machine room less elevators for France, United Kingdom and most European countries. Manufactured from the early 2000s until 2012.
- Spirit: Machine room less elevator introduced in 2004-2005 for low to mid-rise residential and commercial buildings with a moderate amount of traffic. Only sold in Europe.
- Oildraulic: The original hydraulic elevator system, pioneered by Rotary Rotary, continued by Dover , and discontinued in 2012 in favor of Endura. It was only available in the United States and Canada.
- ISIS: Another MRL elevator introduced in 2004 for the U.S. market and early 2000s for the European market. It used Kevlar belts as the traction ropes instead of steel ropes. It was discontinued after the Seattle's children hospital elevator incident and replaced by the Synergy in 2007. It is unknown when the European version was discontinued.
- AMEE: Holeless hydraulic elevator launched in 2005-2006 for the U.S. market. AMEE stands for Advanced Material Elevator Solution. This elevator system features a three-stage hydraulic jack.
Escalators and moving walkways
- Norilang: Escalator for commercial applications, a very rare model.
- Loire: Heavy duty moving walks for high traffic, originally a Thyssen product and was only available in certain countries
- ThyssenKrupp TurboTrack: High speed moving walkway.
ThyssenKrupp elevator products in the United States
In October of 2012, ThyssenKrupp discontinued the original hydraulic system, Oildraulic, which was pioneered by Rotary and continued by Dover in favor of a new system named Endura. The new Endura system uses bio-degradable oil and is based off of the Oildraulic system. ThyssenKrupp still makes traditional traction elevators along with MRL elevators. In the MRL segment, ThyssenKrupp Americas initially sold ISIS which used Kevlar belts instead of conventional steel ropes. However, it was discontinued in 2007 and replaced by Synergy after an elevator freefall incident in a children's hospital in Seattle which involved an ISIS elevator, and subsequently all remaining ISIS elevators had their Kevlar belts replaced with steel ropes. Now, they makes Synergy (traction) and endura MRL, which is a machine room less hydraulic elevator similar to Otis's HydroFit.
- List of thyssenkrupp elevator fixtures - for thyssenkrupp elevator fixtures found in all regions except North America
- List of thyssenkrupp elevator fixtures (North America) - for thyssenkrupp elevator fixtures found in the United States and Canada
- List of Korean thyssenkrupp elevator fixtures - for thyssenkrupp elevator fixtures only found in South Korea and certain Asian countries
- 1999 - Dover Elevators (United States, later became Thyssen Dover until 2001)
- 1999 - Elevadores Sûr (Brazil, later became Thyssen Sur for a short period)
- 2002 - SIAR S.r.l (Italy)
- 2002 - Kone South America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Venezuela)
- 2003 - Dong Yang Elevator Co. Ltd. (South Korea, later became ThyssenKrupp Dongyang until 2008)
- 2003 - Tepper Aufzuge (Germany)
- 2003 - Ascensores Causi (Spain)
- 2003 - Herouth (Israel)
- 2003 - Cie Generale d Applications Ascenseurs (CG2A) (France)
- 2003 - Britannic Lift Company (United Kingdom)
- 2004 - Mbf Norinco Sdn. Bhd. (Malaysia)
- 2004 - Bongear Engineering (Hong Kong)
- 2005 - PT. Pura Kencana (Indonesia)
- 2005 - Atlantic Elevator Sales & Service Inc. (United States)
- 2005 - Elevator Technologies (NZ) Limited (New Zealand)
- 2005 - Kockums AB (Sweden)
- 2005 - Ascensores Cenia SA (Spain)
- 2005 - Sun Rhine Enterprises Ltd. (Taiwan)
- 2005 - Kare Elevator & Engineering Co. Pvt. Ltd. (India)
- 2005 - Ascensores Silves Hidrolex S.L. (Spain)
- 2005 - Trapo Küng AG (Switzerland)
- 2005 - Ceteco S.r.l. (Italy)
- 2005 - Marco Bonfedi Ascensori Scale Mobili S.r.l. (Italy)
- 2007 - Končar (former Yugoslavia, later became ThyssenKrupp Končar until 2013)
Notable distributors, subsidiaries and joint ventures
|Abel Building Solutions Ltd.||Trinidad and Tobago|
|Androgroup Elevator Ltd.||Caymand Islands|
|ARG1 Africa Ltd.||Benin|
|Bermuda Elevator Systems Ltd.||Bermuda|
|Central Lifts Co. Ltd.||Malta|
|Compagnie des Ascenseurs|
et Elevateurs S.A.M.
|East Africa Elevator Company Limited||Kenya|
|ELP Suriname N.V.||Suriname|
|Ets. Jemmali et Cie||Tunisia|
|German Tech Elevators Ltd.||Macau, China|||
|Global Business Bridge Ltd.||Pakistan|
|Grupo Thelevador C.A.||Venezuela|||
|Hayes Elevator Ltd.||Turks and Caicos Islands|
|Hyatt Elevators & Escalators Corp.||Philippines||Since 2003.|
|J.C.Q. Ingenieria en Ascensores S.R.L.||Dominican Republic|
|Jamaica Elevators Limited||Jamaica|
|JMG Limited||Ivory Coast|
|LUNA Engineering Services and Trade Ltd.||Uganda|
|P.Y. Elevator Ltd.||Cyprus|
|Regional Elevators Ltd.||St. Lucia|
|SARL SLK Ascenseurs||Algeria|
|TH Lift d.o.o.||Serbia|
|Trust For Elevators and|
General Trading s.a.r.l.
|Unit-L (now Kraft Aufzüge)||Ukraine||Distributor for Ukrainian thyssenkrupp.|
|Universal Construction Pvt. Ltd. Co.||Ethiopia|
Subsidiaries and joint ventures
- Marohn ThyssenKrupp (Shanghai, China, joint venture)
Main article: List of notable thyssenkrupp elevator installations
Incidents and accidents
ISIS Elevator incident
On October 9, 2007, one of the ThyssenKrupp ISIS elevators in a children's hospital in Seattle had its suspention ropes broke and the car slipped between the 6th and 4th floors after the emergency brake was engaged. Four passengers were not injured and was rescued by firefighters.
Police suspected that the kevlar ropes breaks due to overheating and the ropes were later replaced with a different material. All four ISIS elevators were shutdown after the incident.
Health club elevator accident in the United Kingdom
On March 12, 2003, a banker was crushed to death by a ThyssenKrupp elevator which was not properly maintained in a health club in London, England. The health club owner and ThyssenKrupp was fined £466,000 after the accident.
Price fixing cartel incident
In November 2006, ThyssenKrupp was fined 479 million Euros by the European Union after found out that ThyssenKrupp was doing price fixing over 9 years. Other manufacturers that were fined including OTIS, Schindler, KONE and Mitsubishi Electric Elevator Europe.
Elevator downfall incidents
There have been very few cases related to elevator downfall incident caused by a broken traction ropes or a broken core of the pulley, either occured on a ThyssenKrupp or other elevator brands that were maintained by ThyssenKrupp in the past few years. Some notable incident happened like in Shin Nga House, Fu Shin Estate, Hong Kong, when an elevator downfall incident happened in a Kone Marryat Scott elevator which was maintained by ThyssenKrupp in 2008.
Escalator incident in Hong Kong
On February 24, 2011, some of the escalator landing steps on one of the two ThyssenKrupp escalators at Hong Kong Design Institute (HKDI) that gives access from level 1 to 7 are falling down on the steps which returning to the seventh floor. The escalator safety device was activated when the steps are falling down. No one was injuried in this accident.
Elevator accident in Chile
On June 8, 2014, a ThyssenKrupp elevator in Tower B of Bustamante Community Park in Providencia, Chile, suddenly malfunctioned, then rises 30 floors in 15 seconds with the doors still open before crashed into the shaft's roof. A man was seriously injured, and was reportedly that he suffered head and leg injuries.  It was suspected that the brake was picked (opened up) and there was a loss of motor control which cause the elevator into free rolling into the opposite direction. In addition, the elevator didn't have rope grippers or a counterweight safety system, which means that the elevator "fell" upward since the the counterweight weighs more than the elevator cab.
- When ThyssenKrupp bought out the South Korean-based Dong Yang in 2003, their elevators in South Korea and other parts of Asia (for Korean-imported units only) are branded as ThyssenKrupp Dongyang until 2008.
- ThyssenKrupp elevators in Canada are also known as ThyssenKrupp Northern Elevator.
Logos and nameplates
Notes and references
- ↑ Press Release - Rebranding
- ↑ The Skyscraper Simulator Forum topic: ThyssenKrupp Unveils New Brand, Logo
- ↑ https://www.thyssenkrupp.com/brand/en/
- ↑ thyssenkrupp plans to split the group into two independent, listed companies
- ↑ #bestforboth - thyssenkrupp
- ↑ thyssenkrupp sells Elevator Technology business for €17.2 billion to consortium of bidders led by Advent, Cinven and RAG foundation - thyssenkrupp (Press release)
- ↑ Operating/ Indicating Elements
- ↑ ThyssenKrupp Elevadores
- ↑ ThyssenKrupp in Motion - Volume 2, Issue 2, August 2002 - ThyssenKrupp Elevator Australia (archived)
- ↑ Herouth was a distributor of Thyssen elevators in Israel.
- ↑ ThyssenKrupp Elevator reinforces market position in Malaysia (archived)
- ↑ ThyssenKrupp Elevator (Asia/Pacific) eNews - December 2004 (archived) (Refer to Page 8)
- ↑ Bongear Engineering was a distributor of Thyssen elevators in Hong Kong from the 1980s to 2004.
- ↑ PT. Pura Kencana was the sole agent and distributor of Dong Yang elevators in Indonesia from 1988 to 2004.
- ↑ ThyssenKrupp Elevator (Asia/Pacific) eNews - December 2005 (archived) (Refer to Page 9)
- ↑ ThyssenKrupp in Motion - Volume 4, Issue 2, August 2004 - ThyssenKrupp Elevator Australia (archived)
- ↑ ThyssenKrupp Traction Elevators in Macau - YouTube
- ↑ QUIÉNES SOMOS (Spanish)
- ↑ Formerly a distributor of GoldStar (later LG and Dong Yang elevators.
- ↑ ThyssenKrupp Elevator raises its stakes in Chinese joint-venture
- ↑ ISIS elevator incident
- ↑ Health club elevator accident
- ↑ Price fixing cartel incident
- ↑ Electrical and Mechanical Services Department: Technical Report on the Lift Incident on 25 October 2008 at Shin Nga House, Fu Shin Estate, Tai Po (Chinese version), 5 December 2008.
- ↑ Later on, all the elevators in residential buildings in this housing estate are been replaced by Otis.
- ↑ Electrical and Mechanical Services Department: Technical Investigation Report on Escalator Incident at the Hong Kong Design Institute, Tseung Kwan O (Chinese version), 9 June 2011.
- ↑ Man injured when out of control elevator rises 30 floors in 15 seconds, crashes into roof - FOX8 News
- ↑ [FULL VIDEO] Malfunction Elevator Goes Up Crashing Through The Roof In Chile
- Official website
- Official website (United States)
- Official website (United Kingdom)
- Official website (Nordic countries)
- Official website (Asia Pacific)
- Official website (Southern Europe, Africa and Middle East)
- ThyssenKrupp Access official website
- ThyssenKrupp Elevator on Google Play
|Major elevator companies|
|Dover • Express Lift • Fujitec • Hitachi • Hyundai • Kone • Mitsubishi Electric • Otis • Schindler • Sigma • Thyssen • thyssenkrupp • Toshiba|
|Full list: List of elevator and escalator companies|
|See also: Third-party elevator maintenance companies|