Schindler is a Swiss manufacturer of elevators, escalators and moving walkways, based in Ebikon, the municipality of Lucerne in Switzerland. It is the second largest manufacturer of elevators after Otis Elevator Company, as well as the largest manufacturer of escalators in the world.
- 1 History
- 2 Notable products and technologies
- 3 Notable elevator installations
- 4 Acquisitions
- 5 Joint ventures
- 6 Notable distributors
- 7 Trivia
- 8 Video
- 9 See also
- 10 Gallery
- 11 Notes and references
- 12 External Links
Schindler was founded in 1874 by Robert Schindler and Eduard Villiger. Soon, they established a mechanical engineering workshop on an island in the Reuss River in Lucerne, Switzerland. At that time, the company was called "Schindler & Villiger". In 1892, Eduard Villiger leaves the partnership and the company continues under the name of Robert Schindler, Machinery Manufacturer.
Schindler founded the first foreign subsidiary in Berlin, Germany in 1906. Thereafter, the company expanded continuously and mainly throughout Europe. For examples, Schindler established its presence in the United Kingdom in 1960 operating under the name Platt-Schindler, and in France in 1969 after acquiring Roux Combaluzier which it later became Roux Combaluzier Schindler or RCS. In the 1970s, Schindler relocated its headquarters to Ebikon, Switzerland where it is currently located.
In 1974, Schindler formed a joint venture with Hong Kong based Jardine Matheson & Co. Ltd. Hong Kong, and became Jardine Schindler until now. In 1980, Schindler founded the first Western industrial joint venture in China, and established China Schindler Elevator Co. (or China Schindler). It was formed under a joint venture with the Schindler Holdings, Jardine Schindler Far East, and China Construction Machinery. The joint venture lasted until 2001 when Schindler took over the joint venture entirely.
In the U.S., Schindler first entered the American elevator market in 1979 by acquiring Haughton Elevator Company and the Canadian division of Armor Elevator in 1982. Later in 1989, Schindler purchased Westinghouse Electric's elevator division. Schindler's U.S. headquarters are located in Morristown, New Jersey, and their Canadian headquarters are located in Toronto, Ontario.
In 1992, Schindler unveiled Miconic 10, the world's first practical elevator destination dispatch system. In 1998, Schindler acquired Haushahn from Stuttgart, Germany. The following year saw the acquisition of Elevadores Atlas of Brazil, which later became Atlas Schindler and remains a major player in the Brazilian elevator market.
Schindler launched its second generation of destination dispatch Schindler ID in 2000. In 2005, Schindler launched a number of new innovative elevator models, such as Schindler 3100, Schindler 3300, Schindler 5300 and Schindler 6200, as well as a new lineup of freight and special purpose elevators Schindler 2400, 2500 and 2600.
In 2009, a third generation destination dispatch, The PORT Technology was officially launched. At the same time first PORT installation was installed at the International Commerce Centre in Hong Kong.
Notable products and technologies
- Schindler 1000: Machine room less elevator for low-rise residential buildings. Serving as a successor of Schindler 3100, it was launched in 2020, first in Europe.
- Schindler 1000 Plus: Version for replacement of older elevators.
- Schindler 3000: Machine room less elevator for low to mid-rise residential and commercial buildings. Serving as a successor of Schindler 3300, it was launched in 2020, first in Europe and Asia. However, it is not available in Mainland China.
- Schindler 3000 Plus: Version for replacement of older elevators.
- Schindler 3100: Machine room less elevator for low-rise residential buildings sold in Europe, India and North America. It was launched in 2005 (2011 for India, and 2016 for North America). Exclusively in Austria, it is known as Schindler 3.
- Schindler 3300: Machine room less elevator for low to mid-rise residential and commercial buildings. It was launched in 2005 (2007 for Asia Pacific and 2011 for both India and North America).
- Schindler 3300 XL: A larger version of the North American 3300 to accommodate stretchers. It was launched in 2018.
- Schindler 3400: Machine room less elevator for low to mid-rise residential and commercial buildings. It is only sold in Switzerland.
- Schindler 5000: Machine room less elevator for low to high-rise residential and commercial buildings. Serving as a successor of Schindler 5500, it was launched in 2020, first in Europe and Asia. However, it is not available in Mainland China.
- Schindler 5000 Plus: Version for replacement of older elevators.
- Schindler 5300: Machine room less elevator for low-rise small commercial buildings. It was launched in 2005, and it is currently only sold in India.
- Schindler 5500: Machine room less elevator for low to mid-rise residential and commercial buildings. It was launched in 2013 (2014 for North America).
- Schindler 6200: Model for replacement of older elevators in small residential buildings with limited space for the hoistway. Launched in 2005, it is based on Schindler 3300.
- Schindler 6300: Model for replacement of older elevators in residential and commercial buildings sold in all regions except North America. It is based on Schindler 3300.
- Schindler 6400: Model for modernization/replacement of older elevators in low to mid-rise buildings. Only sold in the United States and Canada.
- Schindler 6500: Model for replacement of older elevators in residential and commercial buildings, possibly only available in Europe. It is based on Schindler 5500.
- Schindler 7000: High speed elevator for high-rise buildings that can be customizable based on client's demand.
- The PORT Technology: Schindler's third generation of traffic management system (destination dispatch). It was launched in 2009 as a successor of both Miconic 10 and Schindler ID.
- Schindler 2400, 2500 and 2600: Special large elevators for heavy duty applications sold since 2005. They are the successors of Schindler 60, 70 and 80.
- Schindler 330A: Hydraulic elevator model only sold in North America since 2001.
- Schindler ReMO: Traction elevator for commercial and residential buildings only sold in South Korea.
- Schindler 250K: Freight elevator model only sold in South Korea.
- Schindler 2200: Dumbwaiter, only sold in Switzerland and Germany. It is a successor of Schindler 20, the company's previous dumbwaiter model.
- Schindler Miconic
- Schindler Bionic
- Schindler Scalable - A new controller developed by Schindler, which is a successor of Schindler Bionic and Schindler Miconic
- Supermatic: Programmed elevator control system for high-rise buildings, introduced in 1955. It is similar to Otis's Autotronic, Westinghouse's Selectomatic and Express Lift's DMR Control. An example of this system can be found in the Gefinor Centre in Beirut, Lebanon (installed in 1969).
- Transitronic: High speed elevator system with Ward Leonard drive and regulated by germanium transistors, launched in 1960. An example of this elevator was installed at the former Mercantile Bank Building (now Pacific Express Central Market Hotel) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 1961.
- Dynatron: Elevator drive system launched in 1965, based on Schlieren's Monotron drive which was developed in 1958. These drive systems are particularly distinguished by direct stopping, regulated electronically as a function of the distance to the floor level. Dynatron should not be confused with Schindler's Dynator (Ward Leonard) drive, which was introduced in 1945. This has been integrated into the Miconic controllers until mid 1990s, which succeed by the Variodyn VF drive.
- Zonamatic: Elevator control system launched in 1970.
- Variomatic: Elevator control system (?) launched in 1972.
- Aconic: Elevator control system launched in 1985. Succeeded by Schindler's Miconic Controls.
- Schindler AL Series: Freight elevator model released in the 80s. Available in AL1000, AL2000, AL2500, AL3200, AL4000 and AL5000.
- designS: Modular elevator model for residential buildings in European markets, launched in 1984.
- Miconic 10: Elevator destination dispatch system introduced in 1992 as the first of its kind in the world. It was discontinued in 2012 but still available in certain countries.
- SchindlerMobile: Machine room less elevator with a self-propelled car, launched in 1997. Discontinued in 2001 and and replaced by Schindler EuroLift.
- Schindler Smart MRL: A series of machine room less elevator for residential and small commercial buildings launched in 1998. It consist of three main models; Smart MRL 001, Smart MRL 002 and Smart MRL 002 DE.
- Schindler 001: Simplified traction or hydraulic elevator for residential buildings in Southern Europe. Introduced in 1997.
- Schindler EuroLift: Modular machine room less elevator for residential and commercial buildings. Launched in 2001 as a replacement of SchindlerMobile.
- Schindler ID: Introduced in 2000 as the evolution of Miconic 10 with building and accessibility management system. It was the second generation of Schindler's traffic management system.
- Schindler 100: Series of low-cost elevator models for low rise residential buildings, sold in Europe, Asia Pacific and Latin America. It was launched in the mid 1990s
- Schindler 100 P: The Asia Pacific version of Schindler 100. Launched in 2000.
- Schindler 100L: The Latin American version of Schindler 100.
- Schindler 100IL: The Israeli version of Schindler 100, only sold in Israel.
- Schindler 300: Series of elevator models sold in North and South America, Asia-Pacific, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. Launched in 1993.
- Schindler 300A: Hydraulic elevator model only sold in North America, part of Schindler 300.
- Schindler 300 J: Japanese version of Schindler 300.
- Schindler 310L: Gearless elevator model only sold in Latin America.
- Schindler 321A: Hydraulic elevator model only sold in North America.
- Schindler 400A/400AE: Low to mid-rise gearless traction elevator model only sold in North America. Launched in 2003 and discontinued in 2014 and succeeded by Schindler 5500.
- Schindler 500: Mid to high-rise elevator model for commercial and residential buildings in Europe, Asia Pacific and Latin America. It was launched in 2000.
- Schindler 510L: Gearless elevator model only sold in Latin America.
- Schindler 700: High-rise high speed elevator model introduced in 2002. It was succeeded by Schindler 7000.
- Schindler 800 (also known as Schindler 800 LogoLine): Scenic elevator model. It has unique possibility to be an advertising medium, a feature never seen to be normally available in any other elevator model from any manufacturer.
- Schindler 5400: Gearless traction elevator model for low to high-rise buildings. Discontinued and succeeded by Schindler 5500, but still available in China and South Korea (as Schindler 5400 AP).
- Schindler Elegant: Series of traction elevator for basic low to mid rise residential and commercial buildings, and only sold in Asia.
- Schindler Elegant Classic: Geared traction with worm gear and machine room.
- Schindler Elegant MRL: Machine room less gearless traction.
- Schindler S100L: Traction elevator model only sold in Latin America.
- Schindler neu: Rebadged Mitsubishi ELEPAQ-i machine room less elevator, only sold in Japan.
- Schindler LiMO: Modernization model for older elevators, only available in Japan. It used Dewhurst buttons and LCD floor indicators for the fixtures.
- Schindler NeoLift: Low to mid rise passenger elevator for Latin American markets, manufactured by Atlas Schindler in Brazil. Discontinued and succeeded by the Schindler 5500.
- Schindler 20: Dumbwaiter
- Schindler 60, 70 and 80: Freight and special elevator models (service, bed and freight respectively). Succeeded by the Schindler 2400, 2500 and 2600.
Escalators and moving walks
- Schindler 9300 AE: Current modular escalator model for commercial applications sold since 1997.
- Schindler 9700: Current escalator model for high traffic and heavy duty environments sold since 1998 (?)
- Schindler 9500: Current moving walk model for commercial applications.
- Escalant: Discontinued escalator model designed by Italian designer Giugiaro. It was launched in 1988.
Notable elevator installations
- Main article: List of notable Schindler elevator installations
|1911||Severin Senator GmbH||Germany||Based in Berlin.|
|1960||Schweizerische Wagons und Aufzügefabrik Schlieren (SWS)||Switzerland|
|1969||Roux Combaluzier||France||Became Roux Combaluzier Schindler or RCS until 1992.|
|1970||J. C. van Straaten's Liften- en Maschienfabriek N.V.||Netherlands|
|1979||Guiral Industrias Electricas SA (GIESA)||Spain||Became Schindler Giesa until 1993.|
|1979||Haughton Elevator Company||United States||Became Schindler Haughton until the mid 1980s.|
|1982||Keighley Lifts||United Kingdom|
|1982||Armor Elevator Canada Ltd.||Canada|
|1984||Precision Elevator Pty. Ltd.||Australia|
|1986||Western Elevator Limited||Canada|
|1987||Nippon Elevator Industry Co. Ltd.||Japan|
|1989||Westinghouse Electric Corp.||United States|
|1989||T.L. Jones Ltd.||New Zealand|
|1990||Devehissar Alvesta AB||Sweden||Became Deve Schindler until 2000.|
|1992||Türkeli Ticaret S.A.||Turkey|
|1992||Vytahy CSFR A.S.||Czech Republic|
|1996||EFACEC Elevadores S.A.||Portugal|
|1997||Nechushtan||Israel||Became Nechushtan Schindler for a while.|
|1999||Elevadores Atlas||Brazil||Became Atlas Schindler until now.|
|2003||Jong Ang Elevator Co. Ltd.||South Korea||Became Schindler Jong Ang Elevator for a while.|
|2003||Doppelmayr Aufzüge AG||Austria|
|2006||Hyundai Elevator Co. Ltd.||South Korea||Only 25.5% of the stake.|
|2009||Saudi Elevator Corp.||Saudi Arabia|
|2010||Reliable Elevator||United States|
|2011||Midland Elevator||United States|||
|Unknown year||United Lift Company||United Kingdom|||
Other affiliated companies
|1975||Harrisons Lister Ltd.||Singapore
|Was a distributor of Schindler elevators and escalators since the 1950s.|
|1977||Brøad. Reber (Reber Brothers)||Norway||Was a distributor of Schindler elevators.|
Became Reber-Schindler for a couple of years.
|1994||Philippine Industrial Engineering Company||Philippines||This company was a sole agent of Schindler elevators in the Philippine from 1957. Acquired by Jardine Schindler Group.|
|1974||Jardine, Matheson & Co. Ltd.
(or Jardine Pacific in Hong Kong, Jardine Schindler Group)
|Hong Kong, China|||
|1988||Suzhou Elevator Company||China|
|1990||Hédinn Lyftur Hf||Iceland||Schindler Group owns 51% of Schindler Iceland and Hédinn Lyftur owns 49%. Also known as Hédinn Schindler.|
|1996||Saigon Engineering Co. Ltd.||Vietnam|
|2000||PT Berca Schindler Lifts||Jakarta, Indonesia||Joint venture between Jardine Schindler Group and Central Cipta Murdaya (CCM) group.|
|2011||XJ Elevator||Henan, China||Later forming XJ Schindler.|
|Al Doha Elevators & Escalators W.L.L.||Qatar|
|Altagnia Alhadetha Company||Libya|
|AR Sultan Ltd.||Sierra Leone|
|ARM Trading & Engineering Co. Ltd.||Sudan|
|Averof G. Stylianides Eng. Ltd.||Cyprus South|
|Caribbean Lifts Limited||Trinidad and Tobago|
|Chanic S.A.||Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|Creative Engineers Ltd.||Bangladesh|
|CSI Installations Ltd.||Tanzania|
|Elevator Escalator Services (EES)||Mauritius|
|EME Ashensor Group Sh.p.k||Albania|
|EME Group-KS sh.p.k||Kosovo|
|In and Out Global Resources||Nigeria|
|Kubilay Kutay Müh. ve İnş. Ltd. Şti||Cyprus North|
|Mass International Co. LLC||Oman|
|Merin (Pvt.) Ltd.||Pakistan|
|Osiris Ascenseur SARL||Cameroon|
|Panta Lesco Limited||Malta||Since 1989.|
Formed a joint venture in 2005 called Schindler Lifts Malta.
|Pinto & Cruz||Angola
|Roko Construction Kampala||Rwanda
|Safety Elevators & Escalators LLC||Uzbekistan|
(Société Oranaise de Maintenance Industrielle)
|Tana Engineering PLC||Ethiopia|
|Tecno Elevadores Limitada||Mozambique|
|Techno Trade Pvt. Ltd.||Nepal|
|Trade Promoters (Pvt) Limited||Sri Lanka|
|Ascensores de Guatemala, Cia. Ltda.||Guatemala|
|Ascenseurs du Liban||Lebanon|
|PT. Berca Indonesia||Indonesia||1980-2000|
|Brøad. Reber (Reber Brothers)||Norway||1946-1977|
Acquired by Schindler and became Reber-Schindler for a while.
|PT. Capitol Mutual Corporation||Indonesia||1970s (?) - 1980|
CMC later became the distributor of Toshiba elevators and escalators until 1998.
|Cranbrook Electrical Ltd.||Jamaica|
|Dalsan, C. por A.||Dominican Republic|
|Electro Ecuatoriana S.A.C.I.||Ecuador|
|Elevadores de Nicaragua S.A.||Nicaragua|
|Elvatron S.A.||Costa Rica|
|Harrisons Lister Engineering Ltd.||Singapore
|Holler Ingenieria S.R.L.||Paraguay|
|Industech Caribbean N.V. Curaçao||Curaçao|
|Instalaciones Tecnica S.A.||Panama|
|Luis Harnecker von Kretschmann||Chile||1915-19??|
|The Jardine Engineering Co. Ltd.||British Hong Kong||1931?-1974|
|Metropolitan Electricity Authority of Bangkok||Thailand||1950s-19??|
Based in Bangkok.
|Nechushtan||Israel||Prior to 1996|
|Richter & Company Ltd.||Trinidad and Tobago|
|Philippine Industrial Engineering Company||Philippines||1957-1994|
|Tecnica International S.A. de C.V.||El Salvador|
|Traversah S. de R.L.||Honduras|
|Valmet||Finland||Prior to 1990s?|
- Almost every Schindler elevator models uses numbers for easy differentiation. The higher the number means the higher the typical rise and requirement level.
- In the United States, when Schindler acquired Haughton (an elevator company based in Toledo, Ohio) in 1979, their products were branded as Schindler Haughton until 1989.
- In the United Kingdom, Schindler was once known as Platt Schindler from 1960 until the 1970s.
- During in the 1980s, when Schindler acquired Keighley Lifts, their products were branded as Keighley Schindler.
- In France, when Schindler bought Roux Combaluzier in 1969, their elevators were often branded as Roux Combaluzier Schindler or RCS until 1992. Before RCS, it was known as Gervais-Schindler.
- In Sweden, after Schindler bought Deve, Schindler renamed itself to Deve-Schindler between 1990-2000. This was done in order to protect the legacy of Deve and its works in Alvesta, which was eventually defunct anyway in 1994.
- Some Schindler elevators in South Korea have Hyundai "traits" on them. This is because Schindler acquired 25.5% stake of Hyundai Elevator Co. Ltd. in 2006. Moreover, there are some Hyundai elevators which are branded as Schindler instead.
- Schindler installed its first elevator in Hong Kong in 1931.
- Some Schindler elevators in Malaysia are also serviced and maintained by Titi Maju Sdn. Bhd., which is one of the two franchise holders of Schindler in Malaysia (the other one is Antah Schindler Sdn. Bhd.)
- For the hydraulics range of Schindler 2400, Schindler uses hydraulic machinery and controllers supplied by Hydroware AB.
- DAKA, a former Yugoslavian elevator company from Belgrade, made elevators under license from Schindler. The elevators were basically rebranded Schindler products.
- The defunct Spanish elevator manufacturer Guiral Industrias Electricas SA (GIESA) also made elevators under license from Schindler. It was acquired by Schindler in 1979 and became Schindler Giesa until 1985.
- List of Schindler elevator fixtures - for Schindler elevator fixtures found in regions other than North America
- List of Schindler elevator fixtures (North America) - for Schindler elevator fixtures found in North America.
- Schindler Haughton
- XJ Schindler
Landing door sills
Escalator landing plates
Notes and references
- Factory will help flow of lift technology - BUSINESS TIMES, 27 May 1980, Page 2 - NewspaperSG
- Schindler Activity Report 2001 (Archived)
- Schindler launches new modular elevators - Schindler Group
- Schindler 5300 - Schindler India
- 4x 1976 High Rise Schindler elevator with pop out buttons (Beirut, Lebanon)
- Page 22 Advertisements Column 1 (ADVERTISEMENT) - NewspaperSG]
- Project > Escalant - Itadesign
- Schindler acquires Midland Elevator.
- The United Lift Company (Beno Lift Guide)
- They were a partnership relations since 1929 (Jardines: Group Companies > Jardine Pacific). By establishing the "The Jardine Engineering Corporation Limited". Changed to "Schindler Lifts (Hong Kong) Ltd." in 1974.
- PT. Berca Indonesia split its elevator division to PT. Berca Schindler Lifts, which was formed under joint venture with Jardine Schindler and Central Cipta Murdaya (CCM) group in 2000.
- Official website
- Jardine Schindler Group site (now it will be redirected to Schindler Group Hong Kong website)
- The PORT Technology
- Knizia Strelow
- A complete history of Schindler Corp.
- Schindler parts Catalog
|Major elevator and escalator companies|
|Full list of companies||List of elevator and escalator companies|
|Operating||Fujitec • Hitachi • Hyundai • Kone • Mitsubishi Electric (Shanghai Mitsubishi) • Otis (Otis Electric • Sigma) • Schindler • thyssenkrupp • Toshiba|
|Defunct||Dover Elevators • Express Lift • Orenstein & Koppel • Thyssen • Westinghouse|
|Other companies||Third-party elevator maintenance companies|