Sabiem, shorts for Società Anonimo Bolognese Industrie Elettromeccaniche was a major elevator manufacturer that was based in Bologna, Italy and existed from the early 1920s until the mid 1980s. The company was based in Bologna, in the same area of Borgo Panigale where the factory of motorcycle manufacturer Ducati is located.
The history of Sabiem can be traced back to November 1918 when the company was established as Officine Elettromeccaniche Bolognesi (OEB), a company specialized in mechanical and manufacturing equipment. In 1921, the company changed name to Società Anonimo Bolognese Industrie Elettromeccaniche (SABIEM) but it did not began manufacturing elevators until 1929. During that time, Sabiem made 23 different types of machines for various applications like pasta-making machines, cigarette packaging machines, servomotors and more. In 1929, Sabiem started focusing on making elevators and moved to its new factory in Vira Emilia, in the district of Santa Viola. They made agreements with several major elevator manufacturers such as Otis, Westinghouse, Stigler, and Siemens. This resulted the company becoming a major elevator manufacturer in Italy. In the 1930s, Sabiem opened branches in several South American countries.
After World War II, the company continued making elevators with innovative technologies and partnerships to grew itself as a major elevator manufacturer for foreign markets. They expanded their businesses by opening branches in Mexico, Venezuela, South Africa and also Hong Kong, where it was a popular market in the Far East.
The company remained independent until 1985 when Kone acquired it as a mean of entering the Italian elevator market.
Sabiem exported their elevators to various countries through branches and also agents/third-party distributors. They were distributed in Mexico, Venezuela (where it was an important market), Cuba, South Africa, Israel, Lebanon, Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea and even Taiwan.
In Hong Kong, Sabiem elevators first entered the region in 1959 through a local sole agent called Gilman & Co. Ltd.. In 1973, the role was succeeded by Shan On Engineering Co. Ltd. until around 1980s. After Kone bought Sabiem, Shan On installed Kone elevators for public housing estates under Sabiem's name and Kone had a stakeholder of this company. Until 2017, Shan On Engineering continued to maintain and modernize some of the existing Sabiem elevators throughout Hong Kong, and on December 8, 2017 the company was taken over by and becomes a fully subsidiary of Kone Hong Kong. Sabiem elevators in Hong Kong (where it was a popular market for Sabiem in the Far East) were widely used old private apartment and commercial buildings built in the 1960s-1970s, where some of the original ones can still be seen today. They were also installed in some public housing blocks built from the 1970s to early 1980s.
Sabiem elevators were introduced to Malaysia and Singapore in 1960. They were distributed by Paterson, Simons & Co. Ltd., who also supplied Marryat & Scott elevators in the region. Sabiem elevators in Singapore were also supplied by Haven Automation, which was acquired by Kone in the mid 1980s.
In South Korea, Sabiem elevators were distributed and installed by Neungsoo Commercial Co.
Below here is a list of some notable past overseas distributors who installed Sabiem elevators:
|Gillman & Co. Ltd.||British Hong Kong||1959-1973|
|Marryat & Scott Ltd. (?)||United Kingdom|
|Neungsoo Commercial Co.||South Korea||1960s|
|Paterson Simons & Co., Ltd.||Singapore|
PS&C was also a distributor of Marryat & Scott elevators in both countries.
|Ramos & Ramos Lda.||Portugal||Based in Funchal, Madeira.|
This company was also a distributor of Marryat & Scott elevators.
|Shan On Engineering Co. Ltd.||British Hong Kong||1973-7 December, 2017|
Acquired by Kone Hong Kong
|The Thai British Trading Co. Ltd.||Thailand|
|PT. Wira Mustika Indah||Indonesia||Serves Jakarta, Semarang, Surabaya and Medan.|
- Main article: Sabiem Elevator Fixtures Guide
Notable Sabiem elevator installations
- Main article: List of notable Sabiem elevator installations
- Most Sabiem elevators installed in the 1950s-1970s had their interior cab and doors made of extruded anodised anti-corodal aluminium. Some other elevators (especially later models in the 1970s), however, were finished with painted steels or wood-based surfaces. Sabiem stopped using aluminium materials for their elevator interior in the early 1980s.
- Orona, a Spanish elevator manufacturer, started making elevators in the 1960s under license from Sabiem. The elevators had design and fixtures from Sabiem and were branded as "Orona Sabiem". This lasted until 1975 when the license expired, and Orona started manufacturing elevators under their own name.
- Sabiem also produced dumbwaiters. It also claimed to make escalators, which were either made under partnership with German-based Eggers-Kehrhahn or Eggers-Kehrhahn products sold by Sabiem.
Gillman & Co. Ltd.
Shan On Engineering Co. Ltd.
Notes and references
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 香港通力電梯在上星期已經收購了本地的升降機承辦商長安工程，並將業務及員工撥歸通力旗下。 (Facebook page: hkelev.com)
- ↑ SABIEM LIFTS NOW SOLD IN MALAYA, The Straits Times, 11 November 1960, Page 10 - NewspaperSG
- ↑ Newspaper Article - Kone hopes to raise market share for industrial elevators, BUSINESS TIMES, 11 April 1985, Page 2 - NewspaperSG
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 서울특별시 중구 소공동 대협물산 사비엠엘리베이터 (리모델링:화신엘리베이터) (With Eco Hillstate)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 長安工程有限公司-機構詳情- 香港長者服務一站通
- ↑ Nuestra Historia - Orona (Archived version) (Spanish)
- ↑ Botoneras - Ascensores Polo (Archived version)
- ↑ EXTREMELY RARE 1966 Sabiem Dumbwaiter at the Reunification Palace in HCMC, Vietnam
- La Sabiem - Cronologia di Bologna 1921 - Biblioteca Salaborsa (Archived version) (Italian)
- Shan On Engineering Co. Ltd. official website (sole agent of Sabiem in Hong Kong, China)