Orenstein & Koppel Rolltreppen GmbH (normally abbreviated to O&K or later O&K Kone) was an escalators and moving walks manufacturing division of Orenstein & Koppel GmbH, a German engineering company which specialized railway vehicles and construction equipment.

History

Orenstein & Koppel was founded on April 1, 1876 in Berlin by Benno Orenstein and Arthur Koppel. The escalator division was established in the 1960s and started making escalators in West Berlin. In 1987, Kone bought the company, and became O&K KONE until 1995 when the remaining shares of the company were completely bought by Kone.

O&K KONE opened its North American escalator and moving walkway factory in 1991, in Oakland Industrial Park in Newport News, VA, United States. It was closed in 1998 and operations were merged with MontgomeryKONE in Moline, IL.[1]

Meanwhile, O&K's other divisions were sold to various companies; the railway division was transferred to Bombardier and their construction equipment division was sold to New Holland Construction in 1999.

Notable Orenstein & Koppel escalator models

  • L.U.L.1
  • OK-TRONIC 301
  • Variotronic401
  • RT-K
  • RTV-TE
  • RTV-HD 99-S (escalators for public transit facilities)
  • RSK-C (moving walkways?)
  • TransVario (manufactured under the O&K KONE brand)

Overseas distributors

  • Behn Meyer & Co. (Singapore and Malaysia)[2]

Notable escalator and moving walk installations

The following list also includes O&K KONE escalator installations.

Australia

New South Wales

  • The Galleries Victoria, Sydney[3]
  • City Market Haymarket, Sydney
  • MLC Centre, Sydney
  • MetCentre, Sydney
  • Cockle Bay Wharf, Sydney
  • Macarthur Square, Sydney[3]
  • Berry Square, North Sydney
  • Galleria DFS, Sydney
  • Target, Bankstown Centro, Sydney
  • Campbelltown Mall, Campbelltown

Other states

  • Melbourne Central Shopping Mall, Melbourne, VIC (1991)[3]
  • The Myer Centre, Adelaide, SA
  • Target - CentrePoint Rundle Mall, Adelaide, SA
  • Elizabeth Quay Bus Station (formerly Esplanade Busport), Perth, WA (1991)
  • Sunshine Plaza, Maroochydore, QLD (1994)
  • Piazza on the Boulevard, Surfers Paradise, QLD
  • Westfield Woden, Canberra, ACT

France

  • Carrefour Market, Brest
  • The Opera, Lyon
  • Palais des Congrès (Cannes' Movie Festival center), Cannes

Germany

  • Gesundbrunnen Railway Station, Berlin
  • Märkische Str. Station, Dortmund
  • Sophienhof, Kiel

Hong Kong, China

  • Royal Park Hotel, Sha Tin
  • Daily House, Tsim Sha Tsui
  • Bank of America Tower, Admiralty
  • Hop Yick Centre, Yuen Long
  • Ap Lei Chau Municipal Services Building, Ap Lei Chau (maintained by Mitsubishi)

Indonesia

  • GoSkate Building, Surabaya (1979, the first escalator installed in Surabaya)
  • Plaza Andhika, Surabaya (1980s)
  • Superindo Manukan, Surabaya

Israel

  • One Ad HaLom Mall, Ashdod
  • Ramat-Aviv Mall, Tel Aviv
  • Kastra Mall & Art Gallery, Haifa

Netherlands

Amsterdam

  • Peek & Cloppenburg, Dam, Amsterdam (1990)
  • RAI Metro Station, Amsterdam (1990)
  • Zuid Metro Station, Amsterdam (1990)
  • Schiphol Airport, Amsterdam (1991, 1992, 1995, 1998, 1999)
  • Sloterdijk Metro Station, Amsterdam (1995)
  • Lelylaan Metro Station, Amsterdam (1996)
  • Postjesweg Metro Station, Amsterdam (1996)
  • Jan van Galenstraat Metro Station, Amsterdam (1996)
  • De Vlugtlaan Metro Station, Amsterdam (1996)

Capelle aan den Ijssel

  • Slotlaan Metro Station, Capelle aan den Ijssel (1992)
  • Capelle Centrum Metro Station, Capelle aan den Ijssel (1992)
  • De Terp Metro Station, Capelle aan den Ijssel (1992)

Den Haag

  • Peek & Cloppenburg, Wagenstraat/Grote Marktstraat, Den Haag (1992)
  • HS Railway Station, Den Haag (1997)

Rotterdam

  • ONLY (formerly Jack & Jones), Winkelcentrum Zuidplein, Rotterdam (1979)
  • Blokker, Winkelcentrum Zuidplein, Rotterdam (1980)
  • Bristol/Zeeman, Binnenwegplein, Rotterdam (1985)
  • Houthoff, Weena, Rotterdam (late 1989)
  • Gebouw Delftse Poort, Weena, Rotterdam (1991)
  • Peek & Cloppenburg, Hoogstraat, Rotterdam (1991)
  • Blaak Railway Station, Rotterdam (1992, 1993)
  • Beurs Metro Station, Rotterdam (1997, 1998)
  • Media Markt, Binnenwegplein, Rotterdam (1998)
  • Leuvehaven Metro Station, Rotterdam (1998)

Rijswijk

  • Winkelcentrum In de Bogaard, Rijswijk (1998, 1999)
  • Rijswijk Railway Station, Rijswijk (1999)

Schiedam

  • Parkweg Metro Station, Schiedam (2000 (installed by KONE))
  • Vijfsluizen Metro Station, Schiedam (2000 (installed by KONE))
  • Schiedam Centrum Metro Station, Schiedam (2001 (installed by KONE))

Other cities/towns

  • Blokker, Stadshart, Amstelveen (early 1989)
  • Bicycle Storage Zeedijk (formerly Bristol)/JYSK, Zeedijk, Hilversum (late 1989)
  • Kelfkensbos Parking Deck, Nijmegen
  • Duivendrecht Railway Station, Duivendrecht (1992)
  • Leiden Central Station, Leiden (1994)
  • Bristol, Winkelcentrum Roselaar, Roosendaal (1994)
  • Sport 2000 XL, Statenplaats, Dordrecht (1995)
  • Amersfoort Central Station, Amersfoort (1997)
  • Tussenwater Metro Station, Hoogvliet (1999)
  • Pernis Metro Station, Pernis (2001 (installed by KONE))

Singapore

  • Citylink Underground Mall (1998)
  • Raffles Hotel (1989)
  • Lucky Chinatown[3]
  • Bukit Merah Central Pedestrian Footbridge
  • Forum The Shopping Mall (1986)

Sweden

Stockholm

  • Most of the Blue line Tunnelbana stations of Stockholm Metro, including T-Centralen and Fridhemsplan, have O&K escalators. (1975 or 1985)
  • Escalator link between Flemingsberg railway station & Södertörns Högskola/Huddinge Sjukhus. (ca 1987)
  • Nordiska Kompaniet (one of many replacements made in the department store. It has been replaced by KONE since then)
  • Several shops in the city contains of one or another O&K glass escalator. They can be seen in Sergels torg shops, for instance.

Thailand

  • Muangthai Phatra Complex, Bangkok
  • Siripinyo Building, Bangkok
  • Seacon Square, Bangkok (1994)
  • Makro Rangsit, Pathumthani
  • Big C Supercenter Rangsit, Pathumthani
  • Chiang Mai International Airport, Chiangmai
  • Chiang Rai International Airport, Chiangrai

United Kingdom

  • Castle Mall Shopping Centre, Norwich (1993)
  • Harrod's Knightsbridge, London (1998, Egyptian Escalators)
  • Natural History Museum, London
  • The Mall Wood Green, London
  • Canary Wharf Underground Station, London
  • Waterloo Underground Station, London
  • Cutty Sark (for Maritime Greenwich) DLR Station, London
  • Heathrow Airport Terminal 1, London
  • Tesco, High Wycombe (elevators, modernized by Stannah Lifts)[4]
  • Tyne and Wear Metro (1980)[5]
  • intu Metrocentre, Tyne and Wear (1986)
  • intu Eldon Square, Newcastle upon Tyne
  • St. James Metro Station, Newcastle
  • Eldon Garden Shopping Centre, Newcastle
  • Grafton Shopping Centre, Cambridge
  • County Mall Shopping Centre, Crawley
  • Belfry Shopping Centre, Redhill
  • Fleet Walk Shopping Centre, Torquay (1997)
  • House of Fraser, Exeter
  • HMV, Exeter
  • Marks & Spencer, Taunton
  • Triangle Building, Manchester

United States

  • Buckhead MARTA Station, Atlanta, GA
  • Newport PATH Station, Jersey City, NJ
  • Hilton Hotel, Portland, OR
  • Sands Regency Convention Center, Reno, NV
  • Circus Circus Midway, Reno, NV
  • Imperial Palace parking garage, Las Vegas, NV
  • Belk Greenwood Mall, Bowling Green, KY
  • Macy's Eastridge Centre, San Jose, CA
  • Redondo Beach Station (LA County Metro Rail), Redondo Beach, CA (1995)
  • Nassau Coliesum Uniondale, NY
  • Nauticus, Norfolk, VA
  • Several Dillards stores in the United States:
    • Dillards South Park Mall, Strongsville, OH
    • Dillards North Point Mall, Alpharetta, GA
    • Dillards Wolfchase Galleria, Memphis, TN
    • Dillards Ladies and Children Pembroke Lakes Mall, Pembroke Pines, FL
    • Dillards Coastland Center, Naples, FL
    • Dillards Seminole Towne Center, Sanford, FL
    • Dillards at Chapel Hills Mall, Colorado Springs, CO
    • Dillards The Citadel, Colorado Springs, CO
    • Dillards Park Meadows Mall, Lonetree, CO
    • Dillards Women Lakeline Mall, Cedar Park, TX
    • Dillards Women First Colony Mall, Sugar Land, TX
    • Dillards Galleria at Sunset, Henderson, NV
    • Dillards Women and Children Mall St. Matthews, Louisville, KY

Other countries

  • The Lighthouse, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Boots - Buchanan Galleries, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Glasgow Airport, Scotland
  • BHS, Princes Street, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Fountain Centre, Belfast, Ireland
  • Carlson Dept. Store, Mikkeli, Finland
  • K-Citymarket, Savonlinna, Finland
  • Farmers Plaza, Araneta Center, Quezon City, Philippines
  • Kuala Lumpur International Airport - Main Terminal (Car Park and Bus Terminal Building), Selangor, Malaysia (1998)[3]
  • MinMax Restaurant - PNB Darby, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Capital on the Quay, Wellington, New Zealand
  • 57 Willis Street, Wellington, New Zealand
  • Los Leones Metro Station, Providencia, Santiago de Chile
  • Smolensky Passage Shopping Center, Moscow, Russia
  • Mall Azzurro, Naples, Italy
  • COIN department store, Catania, Sicily, Italy (1991, branded as O&K FIAM)
  • Baixa-Chiado Station (Lisbon Metro), Lisbon, Portugal (1998)

Cruise ships and cruiseferries

  • Mein Schiff Herz (1996, formerly MV Mercury and Celebrity Mercury)

Former installations

Below here is a list of both O&K and O&K KONE escalators which are no longer exist.

  • C&A Department Store, Damrak, Amsterdam, Netherlands (modernized into the ThyssenKrupp since 2015)
  • Zoetermeer Railway Station, Zoetermeer, Netherlands (modernized into the ThyssenKrupp since 2016)
  • Kai Tak International Airport, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China[6] (closed in 1998, building demolished in 2004)
  • Cheung Sha Wan Plaza, Cheung Sha Wan, Hong Kong (modernized into the KONE EcoMod 2 since 2019[7])
  • Kings Shopping Center, Bandung, Indonesia (19??-2014, building destroyed by fire)[8]
  • Pasar Atum Mall, Surabaya, Indonesia (1986-2017, replaced into Otis XO-508 units)
  • Pantip Pratunam, Bangkok, Thailand (1984-2017, replaced into Schindler 9300 AE units)
  • Robinson's Galleria Mall, Ortigas Center, Quezon City, Philippines[9]

Trivia

  • Orenstein & Koppel had a partnership with the UK-based Keighley Lifts to made few elevators in the United Kingdom. Their elevators were branded as "Keighley O&K". One of their installations was located in Tesco in High Wycombe, but they have been modernized by Stannah Lifts.
  • According to "hkelev.com", some of their escalators handrails are wider than other companies[10].
  • In Australia, O&K escalators were distributed by Elevators Pty. Ltd. (EPL KONE) and some of their late 1980s escalators were often branded as "O&K EPL-KONE".
  • In Italy, O&K escalators from very late 1980s and 1990s were branded as "O&K FIAM". Both of these companies were owned by Kone.

Gallery

Escalators and moving walks

Landing plates/covers

Manufacturer's data plaques

Notes and references

  1. ESCALATOR FIRM CLOSING DOORS - Daily Press (Archived)
  2. The seasoned escalator... - BUSINESS TIMES, 25 August 1978, Page 2 (NewspaperSG)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 O&K Kone escalators.
  4. Elevators installed by O&K under the Keighley Lifts brand.
  5. Currently in process of being replaced by Kone MonoSpace and Schindler Escalators.
  6. Hong Kong before 1997, Hong Kong's kai Tak Legendary Airport - YouTube
  7. 長沙灣廣場其中一條往商場一樓的自動梯剛剛完成了通力 EcoMod™ 自動梯優化改造工程。你能夠感受到新和舊的分別嗎😎? (Facebook page: KONE Hong Kong)
  8. Shopping mall rebuilt and reopened in 2020. It has Schindler 5500 elevators and Schindler 9300 AE escalators.
  9. Formerly and have been replaced with Shanghai Mitsubishi escalators.
  10. List of lifts and escalators companies and its original maintenance companies (hkelev.com)

External links

Other/smaller/historic elevator companies
Full list of companies List of elevator and escalator companies
Operating Alcor ElevatorAnlev ElexAutomobile Rotary Lift Co.Axel LiftsCNIMDAKADaldossDopplerEITAElectraGrupo ExcelsiorGuangriHaushahnHOSTINGIFEIGVInter-UpIsraliftIZAMETKfirKleemannKoppel A.W.LiftmaterialMEIMorris VermaportMPNova ElexOmegaOronaPaynePickerings LiftsPneumatic Vacuum ElevatorsSchmitt + SohnSEC ElevatorsShenyang Brilliant (BLT)SITESSJECStannahTechnosVýtahy OstravaWaupacaXJ ElevatorYungtay
Defunct or fate unknown A&P. StevenAmtech (Amtech ReliableAmtech Elevator Services) • ArmorASEAAsea GrahamAtlas (Northern California)Bennie LiftsBoral ElevatorsCeniaChina Schindler ElevatorDAN ElevatorDEVEDong YangEggers-KehrhahnElevadores AtlasElevadores SûrElevators Pty. Ltd.Ellis & McDougallEvans LiftsFalconiFIAMFlohrGeneral (CA, older)GiantGoldStarGraham BrothersHammond & ChampnessHaughtonHavemeier & SanderIndoliftJ&E HallJohns & WaygoodK.M. WhiteKončarLG ElevatorMAN AufzugsbauMarryat & ScottMiami ElevatorMillarMontgomeryNippon (Japan, defunct)Northern Elevator LimitedOrenstein & KoppelPayneReliableRheinstahlSabiemSchlierenSeabergSemagSergeSiemensSmith, Major & StevensSTAHLStaleyStarlift VoorburgStiglerThai Lift IndustriesTri-County Elevator Co.TriboroU.S. ElevatorWaygood & Co.ZREMB
Temporary/construction elevator providers Alimak HekRECOUSA Hoist
Other companies Third-party elevator maintenance companies
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