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For the predecessor model, please refer to Mitsubishi GPS.

Mitsubishi GPS-III was a geared traction elevator model made by Mitsubishi Electric Elevator from 1997 until the mid 2000s. This model was also produced by China Ryoden Co. Ltd. in Taiwan, as well as Shanghai Mitsubishi in Shanghai, China in the 2000s.

Description

GPS-III is a geared traction passenger elevator model for low to mid-rise buildings. It is an improved model as well as a successor of Mitsubishi GPS which had been on sale from the mid to late 1990s. It features an Artificial Intelligence, Data Network System, Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) microprocessor and variable voltage variable frequency (VVVF) inverters. There was also a modernization version of this model called GPS-IIIMZ, and a bed elevator version for hospitals called GPS-BIII.

The model was sold in Asia (except Japan), Europe (where it is commonly found in Norway) and Latin America. It was not sold in the United States because it did not meet ASME codes. In China, the model was also manufactured and sold by Shanghai Mitsubishi; it was also exported outside China under the Shanghai Mitsubishi brand.

History

GPS-III was launched in 1997. At least two sales and sales engineering seminars and three installation and adjustment seminars (five seminars in total) were held by Mitsubishi throughout 1998 to "promote" the model to the global markets[1]. Production of GPS-III elevators commenced in Thailand in July 1998. In 1999, Mitsubishi developed an EN81 compliant version of GPS-III[2]. Also in April 1999, Mitsubishi released two variants of GPS-III; the GPS-IIIMZ which is a model for modernization of older Mitsubishi elevators and GPS-BIII which is a bed/service elevator model for hospitals.

It was discontinued in the mid 2000s and was succeeded by Mitsubishi NexWay-S which was launched in December 2003. The GPM-IIIMZ model was succeeded by Mitsubishi ELEMOTION which had been introduced in 2001.

Specs

GPM-III elevators complied with Japan, EN81 and Malaysia/Singapore code.

  • Geared traction motor
  • VVVF control and Data Network System with multiple microprocessor modules
  • Selective collective or group control (AI-21 or (Sigma)AI-2200) system
  • 410-2450 kilograms (or 6-37 persons) capacities
  • 45/60/90/105/120/150 meters per minute speeds
  • Maximum floors:
    • 16 (for 45 m/min speed)
    • 24 (for 60 m/min speed)
    • 32 (for 90 m/min speed)
    • 36 (for 120 and 150 m/min speed)
  • Maximum travel height:
    • 40 meters (for 45 m/min speed)
    • 60 (for 60 m/min speed)
    • 105 (for 90 m/min speed)
    • 120 (for 120 and 150 m/min speed)
  • 2500 mm of minimum floor height
  • Door type:
    • Center opening (standard)
    • Two-panel side opening (optional)
    • Four-panel center opening (optional)
  • Can have two entrances
  • Operation system:
    • Selective collective (1 car only)
    • AI-21 (2 to 4 cars)
    • AI-2200 (3 to 8 cars)

Other variants

GPS-BIII

GPS-IIIB is the bed elevator variant of GPS-III for hospitals, although it could also be used as a service elevator for hotels, commercial and residential buildings. It is an improved model of the GPS-IIB, with updated fixtures design and other features. This model was launched in April 1999. It was discontinued in the mid 2000s and was succeeded by the NexWay-S Hospital.

GPS-IIIMZ

GPS-IIIMZ is a variant of GPS-III for modernization of older Mitsubishi elevators that were manufactured before the 1990s. It adopted "package system", meaning that the model was offered in four different types based on client's budget and desire. These include partial modernization, two slightly different types of semi-complete modernization, and full replacement. GPS-IIIMZ was launched in April 1999. It was most likely Mitsubishi's first elevator modernization solution before ELEMOTION was launched in 2001.

Known specs:

  • Geared traction (existing machine could be retained)
  • VVVF traction
  • 410-2450 kilograms capacities
  • 30-150 meters per minute speeds
  • Door types:
    • Single speed center opening door (2 panels)
    • Two speed telescoping sliding door (2 panels)

Fixtures

The fixtures used in the Mitsubishi GPS-III, GPS-IIIB and GPS-IIIMZ are redesigned and updated version of the fixtures used in the Mitsubishi GPS, featuring a more compact, slim and simplified design. The rectangular plastic soft pressure buttons have been changed to square buttons with micro click pressure, but retained the original orange illumination and Helvetica typeface. The interior floor indicator which was previously separated from the car station has been integrated to the panel. It also retains the same LED dot matrix display, with the arrow next to the number. The surface mounted "waveline" car station has been redesigned to look slimmer. Angled car station position is retained in many elevators, except for certain elevators (such as panoramic or custom specified elevators) and modernization (GPS-IIIMZ).

Characteristics

  • Fixtures:
    • Dark grey square plastic buttons with high contrast yellow orange illumination. The buttons uses micro stroke click instead of soft pressure applied to the buttons used in the GPS elevators. There were also round vandal resistant buttons but with soft pressure instead.
    • Floor indicators with orange LED dot matrix display, number flashes when car is arriving. It still follows the same arrangement with the GPS elevators, with the arrow next to the number. Mitsubishi also offered an LCD display as an option, but this is very rare.
    • Flat stainless steel (flush mounted) or dark grey "waveline" (surface mounted) panel
    • Car station could be mounted on an angled front return panel close to the car door, flat front return panel or side wall (doesn't applied for surface mounted panel).
    • The fixtures used in the GPS-III elevators are basically redesigned and simplified from the fixtures used in the GPS elevators.
  • Front return car operating panel position:
    • Angled car operating panel close to the car door. When this happens, the door tracks/sills are always thin. The panel on the other side is also angled, even if there is no secondary car operating panel.
    • Some installations have a flat non-angled car operating panel. When this happens, the door tracks/sills are always thicker.
    • The configurations mentioned above are similar to the ones found in the GPS elevators.

Notable installations

China

  • Qun Tai Mall, Xidan, Beijing
  • Raffles Hotel, Beijing

Hong Kong

  • Olympian City 1 & 2, Tai Kok Tsui (2000 and 2001 respectively)
  • Metro Harbour Plaza, Tai Kok Tsui (2004)
  • Asian House, Wan Chai (2003, GPS-IIIMZ, modernization of 1969 Mitsubishi service elevator)
  • Cheong Yuen Apartments, North Point (2001)

MTR (elevators are owned by KCR)

West Rail Line (ex. KCR West Rail)
  • Tuen Mun to Nam Cheong Stations (2003)
  • Castle Peak Road - Tam Mi (Viaduct emergency evacuation area)
  • Austin Station (2009)
  • Pat Heung Depot (2003)
  • East Tsim Sha Tsui Station (2004)
East Rail Line (ex. KCR East Rail)
  • East Tsim Sha Tsui Station (2004)
  • Kowloon Tong Station (2004, South Concourse)
  • Lok Ma Chau Station (2007)
  • Kwu Tung Reserved Station (built in 2007, will be commenced in 2024 or later)
Ma On Shan Line/Tuen Ma Line Phase 1 (ex. Ma On Shan Rail)
  • Tai Wai to Wu Kai Sha Stations (2004)
  • Tai Wai Depot (2004)

Indonesia

Jakarta

  • Pullman Jakarta Thamrin (formerly Hotel Nikko Jakarta) (2003, extension wing)
  • Jakarta City Hall
  • Central Jakarta Mayor's Office
  • National Library (older building)
  • Bank DKI Central
  • Homare Karaoke Bar, Melawai
  • Junko Tokyo Karaoke Bar, Melawai
  • grandkemang Hotel (GPS-IIIMZ modernization from 1974 Mitsubishi elevator)
  • The Papilion Kemang
  • South Jakarta Mayor's Office
  • Royal Taruma Hospital (GPS-BIII)
  • Harapan Kita Hospital (GPS-BIII)
  • Tarakan Hospital - Building B (GPS-BIII)
  • Pulogadung Trade Center
  • WTC Mangga Dua (2001)
  • Harcomas Mangga Dua
  • Mal Mangga Dua (additional scenic elevator)
  • ITC shopping centers:
    • ITC Fatmawati (2001)
    • ITC Permata Hijau
    • ITC Kuningan & Apartemen ITC Kuningan
    • ITC Cempaka Mas
  • Kobexindo Tower (2001, formerly Menara Cordova Ancol)

Bandung

  • Bandung Electronic Center
  • Bandung Trade Center
  • Hasan Sadikin Hospital (GPS-BIII)
  • Hotel Cemerlang

Other cities

  • Grha Telkom BSD, Serpong, Tangerang, Banten
  • Grand Surya Hotel, Kediri
  • Tunjungan Plaza 4, Surabaya (2001)
  • Empire Palace, Surabaya
  • Wisma Halim Sakti, Surabaya
  • BIMC Hospital Kuta, Bali (GPS-BIII)
  • Jalan Raya Kerobokan No. 100X, Bali
  • The Royal Pita Maha Resort, Ubud, Bali (2003)
  • Sun Plaza, Medan

Malaysia

  • Pantai Hospital, Kuala Lumpur
  • IPC Shopping Centre, Petaling Jaya, Selangor (2003)
  • G Hotel Gurney, 168A Gurney Drive, George Town, Penang (2006)
  • Queensbay Mall, Bayan Lepas, Penang (2006)

Singapore

  • Velocity @ Novena Square (2000)
  • United Square (GPS-IIIMZ, modernized from 1982 Mitsubishi elevators)
  • Textile Centre
  • Sengkang LRT line stations (2000-2002, a few elevators have been modernized by 9G Elevator)
  • Punggol LRT line stations (2004 and 2005)

Thailand

  • Siam Paragon, Bangkok (2005)
  • Siam Center, Bangkok (GPS-IIIMZ modernization, one elevator only)
  • Grand Sukhumvit Hotel, Bangkok
  • Central Silom Tower, Bangkok

Norway

  • Fred Olsensgate 6 (Paleet P-hus parking garage), Oslo (2005)
  • Oslo Universitetssykehus - Forskningsveien 2, Oslo (2002)
  • Gjerdrumsvei 4, Oslo
  • Sentrum P-hus (Ibsen), Oslo (2001)
  • Sandakerveien 114 and 130, Oslo (2000 and 2001 respectively)
  • Munkedamsveien 35, Oslo (1999)
  • Maridalsveien 323, Oslo (2001)
  • Sandvika Storsenter, Sandvika (2007)
  • Henrik Ibsensgate 9, Sandnes (2001)

Other countries

  • Gefinor Rotana Hotel, Beirut, Lebanon
  • Crowne Plaza Hotel, Beirut, Lebanon
  • Shangri-La Puerto Vallarta, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico
  • Pueblo Bonito Sunset Beach, Cabo San Lucas, Mexico

Shanghai Mitsubishi GPS-III and GPS-BIII

The GPS-III and GPS-BIII were also produced by Mitsubishi Electric's subsidiary Shanghai Mitsubishi in Shanghai, China under their own brand. They are basically a rebranded version of the Mitsubishi counterparts and were sold for both domestic and export markets. These models have since been discontinued and succeeded by the LEHY-II model.

Specs

GPS-III

  • Geared traction
  • Control system:
    • Selective collective (1C-2BC)
    • AI-21 group control with 2 to 4 cars
    • AI-2100N group control with 3 to 8 cars
  • 450-2450 kilograms (or 6-37 persons) capacities
  • 0.75-2 meters per second speeds
  • Served up to 32 floors
  • 120 meters of maximum travel distance
  • Center opening doors (2 panels)
  • Two entrance option was most likely available as an option

GPS-BIII

  • Geared traction
  • VFEL microprocessor controller
  • Up to 1800 kilograms capacities
  • 1 / 1.5 / 1.75 meters per second speeds
  • Served up to 32 floors
  • 80 meters of maximum travel distance
  • Center opening doors (2 panels)
  • Two entrance option was most likely available as an option
  • Up to 4 elevator cars in a group

Notable installations

  • Student Union, Communication University of China, Beijing, China
  • Siu Hing Building, Jordan, Hong Kong, China (replacement from 1964 Fiam elevator)
  • Plaza Kenari Mas, Jakarta, Indonesia (all replaced into Mitsubishi NEXIEZ elevators in the 2010s)
  • Mall Taman Palem, Jakarta, Indonesia (scenic elevators)
  • Mangga Dua Square, Jakarta, Indonesia (service elevators)

See also

Notes and references

  1. Events - Mitsubishi Electric Elevator and Escalator (archived)
  2. News Update (1995-2001) - Mitsubishi Electric Elevator and Escalator (archived)

External links

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