Mitsubishi Elevator is a division of Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (Japanese: 三菱電機グループ Mitsubishidenki gurūpu) that manufactures elevators, escalators, moving walks, spiral escalators and dumbwaiters since 1931. It is the largest Japanese elevator manufacturer and is along the biggest elevator manufacturers in the world. It also has largest international presence in elevator market from all Japanese companies.
- 1 History
- 2 Location
- 3 Products
- 4 Subsidiaries
- 5 Notable installations
- 6 Incident
- 7 Overseas sole agents/distributors
- 8 Trivia
- 9 Gallery
- 10 Notes and references
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
Mitsubishi Electric began manufacturing elevators and escalators in 1931, and its first elevators and escalators were delivered in 1935. Between the 1930s and possibly 1970s, it produced elevators under technical partnership with Westinghouse Electric Corp. of USA because Mitsubishi had signed a technical licensing agreement with Westinghouse in 1923.
In the 1980s, Mitsubishi manufactured an elevator with VVVF inverter control, which was the first of its kind in the world. Mitsubishi started installing elevators in North America in 1985. In the same year, Mitsubishi launched the first practical "spiral escalator" in the world, with the first unit installed in Osaka, Japan.
Mitsubishi supplied and installed high speed elevators at the Yokohama Landmark Tower in Yokohama, Japan in 1993. With a speed of 12.5 meters per second, they were the fastest elevators in the world at the time of their completion and continued to hold such title until 2004 when it was surpassed by Taipei 101's high speed elevators (installed by Toshiba and using technologies from KONE) in Taiwan which ran at a speed of 16.8 meters per second.
Mitsubishi entered the Dutch market in 2000 as Mitsubishi Elevator Europe (MEE) when it acquired 51% shares of Wolter & Dros, an elevator manufacturer based in Amersfoort, Netherlands. Wolter & Dros (initially Wolter & Dros EVLI after merged with Eerste Veenendaalse Lift Industrie in 1973) had been making elevators with Mitsubishi as its main component supplier between 1976 and the late 1990s.
In 2011, Mitsubishi received orders to install high speed elevators for the Shanghai Tower in Shanghai, the tallest structure in China. Completed in 2016, these elevators runs at speed of 73.8 km/h (or 20.5 m/s, 59 feet), and were awarded by Guinness World Records for being "the fastest elevators in the world", surpassing Taipei 101's Toshiba high speed elevators which ran at 16.8 meters per second. However, the record was later passed over to CTF Finance Centre's Hitachi (also Japanese company) elevators in Guangzhou, China in 2019 which runs at 21 meters per second.
Mitsubishi is currently based in, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. A manufacturing plant called "Mitsubishi Electric Inazawa Works" is located in Inazawa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, which contains the SOLAÈ elevator testing tower, one of the tallest elevator testing towers in the world.
In Southeast Asia, Mitsubishi has elevator manufacturing plants located in Indonesia and Thailand. The Indonesian plant, operated by PT. Mitsubishi Jaya Elevator and Escalator, is located in Karawang International Industrial City (KIIC) in Karawang, West Java and was opened in August 1997. It also has a training tower which was opened in 2004. A second plant in the same area was completed in June 2015. In Thailand, the manufacturing plant is located in Amata Nakorn Industrial Estate, Chonburi.
Other Mitsubishi elevator factories are located in China (in Shanghai and Guangdong), Taiwan, South Korea, Netherlands, United States, Mexico and Colombia.
- NexWay: Compact machine room passenger elevator model produced since 2002.
- Elenessa: Machine room less elevator model produced since 2001.
- NEXIEZ: Series of standard passenger elevator models produced since 2010.
- NEXIEZ-MR: Machine room type elevator model. Launched in 2010.
- NEXIEZ-MRL: Machine room less elevator model. Launched in 2011.
- NEXIEZ-GPX: Launched in 2012 and only sold in Latin America. Comes in MR and MRL type.
- NEXIEZ-LITE: Machine room type elevator model only sold in India. Launched in 2014.
- NEXIEZ-S: Small machine room less elevator for small commercial and residential applications. Launched in August 2016.
- MAXIEZ: Series of passenger elevator models only sold in China and manufactured by Mitsubishi Electric Shanghai Electric Elevator.
- MAXIEZ M/H: High speed custom type elevator, based on NexWay.
- MAXIEZ CZ: Compact machine room elevator, based on NexWay-S.
- MAXIEZ LZ: Machine room less elevator, based on Elenessa.
- MAXIEZ B: Hospital elevators, based on NexWay-S Hospital.
- NexPia-21: Compact machine room less elevator, only sold in South Korea.
- DiamondTrac: Machine room less elevator only sold in the U.S.
- Diamond HS: High-rise elevator only sold in the U.S., successor of GPM-III.
- GPE-MRL: Machine room less elevator, only manufactured and sold in the Netherlands.
- GPE-T: Traction elevator, only manufactured and sold in the Netherlands.
- GPE-H: Hydraulic elevator, only manufactured and sold in the Netherlands.
- MEECOM: Machine room less elevator, only manufactured and sold in the Netherlands by Mitsubishi Elevator Europe BV.
- MOVE: Machine room less elevator for low-rise residential buildings. Introduced in 2019 and manufactured by Mitsubishi Elevator Europe BV in the Netherlands.
- Freight elevators
- DOAS-S (Destination Oriented Allocation System): Destination dispatch elevator system. (Also known as ELE-NAVI in Japan.) It work faster than Schindler Miconic 10 and Schindler ID.
- Home elevators
- AXIEZ: Machine room less elevator only sold in Japan since 2005.
- AXIEZ smart-R: A version of AXIEZ for smaller residential buildings. It was launched in 2009.
- AXIEZ LINKs: A new version of AXIEZ with cloud based management. It was launched in October 2020.
- NEXCUBE: Custom type elevator only sold in Japan since 2002.
- CPX-3: Residential elevators only sold in Taiwan.
- Hydraulic elevators: Conventional hydraulic elevators which are only sold in the United States.
Escalators and moving walks
- Seriez Z: Standard escalator model produced since 2006.
- Series S: Standard escalator model launched in 2016 (only sold in Japan and certain markets)
- u series: Standard escalator released on December 7, 2020. At present, it is targeted for the Southeast Asian, Indian and Latin American markets.
- Spiral Escalator: Launched in 1985, it is the only spiral escalator product in the world.
- A-Type: Moving walks
These solutions are applied to the facilities originally installed by Mitsubishi Electric only.
- ELEMOTION: Elevator modernization solution for low to mid-rise buildings, introduced in 2001.
- ELEMOTION + and ELEMOTION + R: Only sold in Japan.
- ELEMOTION + for COMPACT 4: Modernization for COMPACT 4 elevators in Japan.
- ELEMOTION-T: Taiwanese version of ELEMOTION which is only available in Taiwan.
- EleFine: Modernization solution for hydraulic elevators into machine room less, introduced in 2011 and only sold in Japan.
- NexWay Modernization: High-rise elevator modernization solution, introduced in 2011 for outside Japan.
- ESMOTION: Escalator modernization solution with leaving only the existing truss within the site. It was introduced in 2005 for Japan and later 2020 for overseas markets.
- Ryoden G-Series: Dumbwaiters manufactured by Ryoden Elevator.
- Elevator Information Display: LCD displays showing multimedia and other information, can be installed outside or inside the elevators.
- Mitsubishi Emergency Landing Device (MELD): Elevator automatic rescue device produced since 1977.
- MelEye: Elevator and escalator monitoring and control system within the premises.
- ELE-FIRST (エレファースト): Elevator and escalator remote monitoring and maintenance system, currently listed in Japan (introduced in 2012) and Hong Kong, China (introduced in 2013) only.
- M's BRIDGE: Elevator and escalator remote monitoring and maintenance system, firstly introduced in Hong Kong, China and Singapore in 2019
- Elepet: Standard passenger elevator made from 1960 until the late 1980s.
- Elepet Advance: Computerized passenger elevator, introduced in 1979.
- Elepet Advance V: Computerized elevators made from the mid 1980s until the early 1990s.
- OS-System 700: Group control elevator system, launched in 1972.
- OS-System 2100S: Gearless elevator with full solid state, launched in 1978.
- AI-2100: Group control elevator system with Artificial Intelligence (AI), launched in 1988.
- ACR: Standard elevator model, available in hydraulic and traction.
- SPVF: Standard geared traction elevators produced between the late 1980s and mid 1990s for markets other than Japan. Might have been based on Elepet Advance V. An observation elevator version of this model is called SOVF.
- MPVF: Standard geared traction elevators produced between the late 1980s and mid 1990s for markets other than Japan. Might have been based on Elepet Advance V. This version have a larger capacity and speed range. An observation elevator version of this model is called MOVF.
- TCLM: High-rise elevator with DC motor, based on SP-VF and MP-VF.
- HYD: Hydraulic elevator model.
- GRANDEE: Standard VVVF passenger elevator introduced in 1990 which uses LED floor indicators.
- ACCEL: Fully computerized custom made elevator introduced in 1982.
- ACCEL-AI: Custom made elevator, introduced in 1992.
- COMPACT 4: An elevator for low-rise apartments, introduced in 1983.
- MEL WIDE: Elevator for low to mid-rise apartments, introduced in 1997.
- MEL CITY: Elevator for low to mid-rise buildings, introduced in 2000.
- WELL: Mitsubishi's first home elevator designed for private homes, introduced in 1988.
- GPQ: Bottom-drive machine room less elevator, introduced in 1998. It is known as ELEPAQ in Japan. Succeeded by Elenessa.
- ELEPAQ-i: Machine room less elevator only sold in Japan, introduced in 2001. Outside Japan, it is known as Elenessa.
- GPS: Standard geared elevator for low to high-rise buildings for markets other than Japan. Predecessor of GPS-II and GPS-III, possibly based on GRANDEE. Available from the mid until late 1990s.
- GPS-II: Standard passenger elevator, successor of GPS. However, except a few hardware/software upgrade as well as the flat stainless steel panel, there is almost no difference (compared with GPS). The controller used is VFDL-II.
- GPS-CR: Standard residential elevator, based on GPS-II.
- GPS-III: Standard passenger elevator, introduced in 1997. Succeeded by NexWay.
- GPX: Compact passenger elevator for low-rise buildings with a maximum capacity of 10 persons and serves up to 16 floors
- GPM Series: High speed passenger elevator for high-rise buildings.
- GPM-III Series: High speed elevator for high-rise buildings. The U.S. model was discontinued and succeeded by the new Diamond HS model in 2018.
- GPS-IIIMZ: Elevator modernization solution for low to mid-rise buildings, based on GPS-III.
- GPM-IIIMZ: Elevator modernization solution for high-rise buildings, based on GPM-III.
Escalators and moving walks
- J-Type: Standard escalator which was sold from 1986 until the mid 2000s. Its successor is Series Z.
- Series A Modular: Heavy-duty escalator designed for public transport facilities.
- MELMOS-II: Elevator monitoring and control system within the premises.
- Shanghai Mitsubishi Elevator Co. Ltd.
- Ryoden Elevator and Construction Ltd.
- China Ryoden Elevator (also a subsidiary of Ryoden Elevator)
- Guangdong Ryoden Lift and Escalator Company Limited (subsidiary of Mitsubishi Elevator Hong Kong Co. Ltd.)
- Main article: List of notable Mitsubishi elevator installations
In November 2006, Mitsubishi Elevator Europe along with Otis, Schindler, Kone and ThyssenKrupp were fined 479 million Euros by the European Union for committing price fixing cartel over nine years.
Overseas sole agents/distributors
|Agencias Generales S.A.||Costa Rica|
|Ascensores Heavenward S.A.||Argentina
|C.A. Venezoelas de Ascensores (Cavenas)||Venezuela|
|Coheco Cia. Ltda.||Ecuador|
|Cylift & Equipment Ltd.||Cyprus|
|Electronec Technical Associates||United Arab Emirates||Based in Abu Dhabi|
|Emirates Technical Associates||United Arab Emirates||Based in Abu Dhabi.|
|Inelec de Costa Rica Limitada||Costa Rica|
|Inelec Nicaragua S. de R.L.||Nicaragua|
|Inelec S. de R.L.||Honduras|
|Infinity Lifts Ltd.||Ireland|
|Inpelec S de R.L.||El Salvador|
|Instalaciones Electro-mecanicas S.A.||Panama|
|Inter-Up Elevators Ltd.||Israel|
|International Elevator & Equipment Inc.||Philippines|
|JCW Lifts Ltd.||United Kingdom|
|MC Elevator (Myanmar) Ltd.||Myanmar|
|MC Lifts & Solutions Co., Ltd.||Cambodia|
|Mits Electrical Company Ltd.||Kenya|
|Based in Lebanon, Established in 1984.|
|San Miguel & Cia||Dominican Republic|
|Serge Pun & Associates||Myanmar|
|Syscon Trading & Mechanical Co., WLL||Bahrain|
|Thang Long Elevator||Vietnam||Based in Hanoi.|
|Toan Tam Engineering||Vietnam||Based in Ho Chi Minh City.|
|Trianon Ascensores S.A.||Peru|
Mainly serves Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
|China Engineers Ltd.||British Hong Kong
|China Engineers began distributing Mitsubishi elevators and escalators in British Hong Kong in 1959 to replace its agency for Schlieren elevators. In 1966, it formed Ryoden Electric Engineering Co. Ltd. under a joint venture with Mitsubishi.|
In Singapore and Malaysia, it started in 1960. The Singaporean branch merged with Ryoden in 1972 and became China Engineers-Ryoden and later Ryoden Singapore in 1975.
|China Ryoden Co., Ltd.||Taiwan|
|Ennis Lifts Ltd.||Ireland||Merged with Kone in 2017.|
|Lödige Fördertechnik GmbH||Germany
|PT. Jaya Teknik Indonesia||Indonesia||1971-1996|
|Ryoden (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd.||Malaysia||Now Mitsubishi Elevator (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd.|
|Ryoden (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.||Singapore||1975-2006|
Now Mitsubishi Elevator (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. (MESP)
|Ryoden Electric Engineering Co., Ltd.||Hong Kong, China||1966-unknown|
Joint venture between China Engineers Ltd. and Mitsubishi. Predecessor of Mitsubishi Elevator Hong Kong Co. Ltd.
|Worachak International Co., Ltd.||Thailand|
- Mitsubishi is the most common elevator brand in Thailand so far, with 30% market share in Thailand's elevator market in 2015.
- Mitsubishi is the only elevator company to provide an option to present the basic operation information rather than the full floor announcement, which known as AAN-B.
- When the door open button in some Mitsubishi elevators is kept pressed for a long time, there will be a voice guidance saying "Sorry to keep you waiting" when the doors are closing.
- When the door has been held open for too long, there will be a voice guidance saying "Doors closing" followed by three continuous beeps.
- When the doors closed and there are no hall or car calls, there will be a voice guidance saying "Please press the button for the desired floor".
- If the user pressed the floor buttons which has been lock off, there will be a voice guidance saying "Button for non-serviced floor does not light up" or "Sorry, the floor selected is a restricted floor".
- If the safety circuit is broken while the elevator is moving, there will be a voice guidance saying "Lift has stopped for safety purposes. Please wait a moment" followed by two beeps.
- In the old times, Mitsubishi elevators and escalators were manufactured under technical partnership with Westinghouse U.S.A., and because of this, some features used in these older Mitsubishi elevators were based on Westinghouse's features. For example, the standard door sills look nearly identical to Westinghouse's door sills, and Mitsubishi's 1970s-1980s white buttons were based on the Westinghouse AE buttons. Some 1960s-1970s Mitsubishi elevators also used Westinghouse's arrival bell chime.
Landing door sills
Notes and references
- Mitsubishi Electric to Install World's Fastest Elevators in Shanghai Tower
- Mitsubishi Electric to Install World's Fastest Elevators in Shanghai Tower (PDF version)
- Guinness World Record - Fastest lift (elevator) (archived version in 2018)
- However, the longest elevator testing shaft is located in the Kone High-rise Laboratory in Tytyri, Finland.
- Kilasan Ekonomi: Mitsubishi Bikin Lift di Indonesia (Indonesian) - Kompasdata (account registration or login may be required to access the article)
- Mitsubishi Elevator Completes Construction at 2nd Indonesian Plant - The Jakarta Globe
- hkelev - Destination Dispatch system
- Supply Records (1988-1931) (archived)
- Elevator Express ele vol.08 DECEMBER 2012 (Japanese only), Mitsubishi Electric Corporation.
- 迅達剛發佈的「Schindler Ahead」，利用設置在升降機各部份的感應器，將運行訊息傳送至迅達維修中心，分析數據並安排針對性保養工作。此前，三菱已發佈名為「ELE-First」的保養系統並於香港使用；而通力也伙拍IBM，利用雲端技術研發類似保養系統。 (Facebook page: hkelev.com)
- Mitsubishi Electric and Mitsubishi Electric Building Techno-Service Jointly to Launch M’s BRIDGE Global Remote-maintenance Service for Elevators (Japanese version), Mitsubishi Electric Corporation.
- Price fixing cartel incident
- Y.H. Kwong (鄺榮輝, 1908-1992) – chairman of China Engineers from 1961 to 1975 (Archived) - The Industrial History of Hong Kong Group
- - Mitsubishi and China Engineers in joint venture - The Straits Times, 4 October 1972, Page 15 - NewspaperSG
- Ennis Lifts Ltd to Integrate with KONE Ireland Ltd - Kone Ireland
- News Update (archived)
- PT. JAYA TEKNIK - ELEVATOR AND ESCALATOR DIVISION - Yellow Pages Indonesia (1997), via Wayback Machine (accessed on January 25, 2019)
- "Bea Masuk Menjadi Kendala" (PDF in Indonesian) - KONSTRUKSI Magazine, April 1994
- Mitsubishi Electric to train elevator technicians in Thailand
- Mitsubishi Electric Elevator Features Vocabulary
- Page 16 Advertisements Column 3 - The Straits Times, 5 June 1965, Page 16 - NewspaperSG (scroll to bottom page)
- Riding the Last Lovely Westinghouse Selectomatic Mark IV - Civic Opera Building in Chicago, IL
- Shanghai Mitsubishi - Mitsubishi's subsidiary based in Minhang, Shanghai, China.
- List of Mitsubishi elevator fixtures - a list of Mitsubishi elevator fixtures that are found in countries other than the U.S.
- List of Mitsubishi elevator fixtures (North America) - a list of Mitsubishi elevator fixtures that are only found in the U.S.
- Official website (Global site)
- Official website - Japan (Japanese)
- Official website - United States
- Official website - Hong Kong
- Official website - Thailand
- Official website - Vietnam
- Official website - Singapore
- Official website - South Korea
- Official website - Taiwan (Taiwanese)
- Official website - India
- Official website - Netherlands
- Official website - United Kingdom
- Official website - Mexico (Spanish)
- Mitsubishi Hitachi Home Elevator (Japanese)
- Mitsubishi Electric Shanghai Electric Elevator Co., Ltd. (Chinese)
- Shanghai Mitsubishi Elevator Co. Ltd.
- Guagdong Ryoden Lift & Escalator Co., Ltd. (Chinese)
- International Elevator & Equipment, Inc. - distributor in the Philippines
- The company's milestones
- THE MAKING(English Version) (317)The Making of Elevators
|Major elevator and escalator companies|
|Full list of companies||List of elevator and escalator companies|
|Operating||Fujitec • Hitachi • Hyundai • Kone • Mitsubishi Electric (Shanghai Mitsubishi) • Otis (Otis Electric • Sigma) • Schindler • TK Elevator • Toshiba|
|Defunct||Dover Elevators • Express Lift • Orenstein & Koppel • Thyssen • thyssenkrupp • Westinghouse|
|Other companies||Third-party elevator maintenance companies|